22 Summary and Check Your Knowledge

Key Takeaways

  • In order to carry out daily activities without being physically overwhelmed, a minimal level of fitness is required. These five areas are called the health-related components of fitness: cardiorespiratory fitness, muscular strength, muscular endurance, flexibility, and body composition.
  • There are also six skill-related components that assist in developing optimal fitness: speed, agility, coordination, balance, power, and reaction time.
  • All physical activity should follow the training principles of specificity, overload, progression, reversibility, and individuality.
  • The amount of stress placed on the body can be controlled by four variables: frequency, intensity, time, and type.
  • To improve muscular strength and endurance it is important to train all major muscles in the body.
  • When creating a resistance training program, there are several training systems that can be used with different benefits associated with them.


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